Year 2 Red lines of learning

In year two, children should be using fluently the skills from previous years while mastering those shown below at home and school. 

R.E. Physical/ handwrite Read Write Maths Science
Retell the Christmas and Easter stories Controlled (form and size) cursive script  Use initial and complete extended code to read and spell   Sequence sentences Know all table facts to 12×12 Cause and effect – make comparative statements

Year 2 Modules











Design & Technology


Art & Design




Module 1

Explore beginnings.

Explore books.

Explore treasures.



Discussing the sequence of events in books & how items of information are related.

Use of capital letters, full stops, question marks & exclamation marks to demarcate sentences.

Statement, question, exclamation, command.

Plan or say out loud what they are going to write about.

Write idea and/or key words including new vocab.

Controlled cursive script.

Gain, maintain and monitor the interest of the listener(s)

Recognise the place value of each digit in a 2-digit number; read & write numbers to at least 100 in numerals and in words

Identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations, including the number-line

Find out and describe the basic needs of animals, including humans, for survival (water, food and air)

Observe and describe how seeds and bulbs grow into mature plants.

Rules and restrictions.

Basic needs of life.

Events beyond living memory that are significant nationally or globally.

Key Vocabulary e.g., empire,

Understand political history.

Identify different ways the past can be represented.

How Britain has been influenced by the wider world.

Significant historical events (Jarrow March), people (Ellen Wilkinson) and places (to London) in own locality.



Contribute to the creativity, culture, wealth and well-being of the nation.


Use drawing to develop and share experiences.



Module 2

Reveal the many beginnings each day offers; God is present, to Christians, in every beginning.

Reveal about the different books used at home and in school; the books used in church on Sunday by the parish family.

Reveal what we treasure; for Christians, the world is God’s treasure given to humanity.

Explain & discuss their understanding of books that they listen to & those that they read for themselves.

Being introduced to non-fiction books that are structured in different ways.

Commas to separate items in a list.

Answering & asking questions.

Encapsulate what they want to say, sentence by sentence.

Participate in role play.

Develop positive attitudes towards & stamina for writing by writing narratives about personal experiences.

Drawing on what they already know or on background information & vocab provided by the teacher.

Use spoken language to develop understanding through imagining.

Compound sentences.

co-ordination (using or, and or but).

Speak audibly and fluently with an increasing command of Standard English.

Use of semi-colons in complex lists.

Recall & use addition & subtraction facts to 20 fluently and derive & use related facts up to 100;

Add & subtract numbers using concrete objects, pictorial representations & mentally including: 2-digit and units;2-digits and tens; two 2-digit numbers; and, adding three 1-digit numbers;

Show addition of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) but subtraction of one number from another cannot;

Recognise & use the inverse relationship between addition & subtraction to check calculations and in missing number calculations

(The concept of zero as a place holder in numbers beyond 100)

Use mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction and movement, including movement in a straight line and distinguish between rotation as a turn and in terms of right angles for quarter, half and three quarter turn (clockwise and anticlockwise).

Recognise that simple questions can be answered in different ways.

Explore the differences between things that are living dead and things that have never been alive.

Describe how animals obtain their food from plants and other animals.

Use the idea of a simple food chain.

Identify and name different sources of food.

Identify a variety of everyday materials including wood, metal, plastic, glass, brick, rock paper and cardboard.

Identify and name micro-habitats.

Describe how different habitats provide the different needs of plants.

To avoid people being hurt by word and action.

Recognise the characteristics of positive and negative relationships.

What makes people special.

The risks of eating too much sugar.

The elements of a balanced, healthy lifestyle.

Gain a historically grounded understanding of abstract terms such as ‘empire’.

Gain historical perspective by placing their growing knowledge into different contexts.

Develop knowledge about the world.

Name and locate the world’s seven continents and five oceans.

Use world maps and globes to identify continents and oceans of the world.

Vocabulary of physical features including mountains.




Introduce French names of continents and countries.

Listen to and recognise ‘translation’ of Hungry caterpillar in French (B)

Through creative and practical activities, acquire knowledge, understanding and skills needed to engage in an iterative process of designing and making.

Using creativity and imagination, design and make products that solve real life and relevant problems within a variety of contexts considering their own others’ needs, wants and values.

Acquire a broad range of subject knowledge drawing on disciplines such as geography exploring the making of a walking guide.


Develop form through texture.

Understand and explore how music is created:  dynamics.

Understand and explore how music is created:  pitch.

Master basic movement of running.

Module 3

Respond to the beginning offered each day.

Respond to the books Christians use.

Respond to the world as a thing to be treasured.

Expanded noun phrases for description and specification (e.g. the blue butterfly).

Participate in discussion about books that they can read, taking turns & listening to what others say.

Tense of verbs (past & present).

Explain & discuss their understanding of other material.

Listen to, discuss & express views about stories & non-fiction at a level beyond that at which they can read independently.

Solve problems with addition & subtraction using concrete objects & pictorial representation,including those involving numbers.

Use place value & number facts to solve problems.

Recognise odd & evens numbers.

Recognise patterns of odd and even in multiplication and division tables.


Use simple equipment.

Find out and describe how plants need water, light and a suitable temperature to grow and stay healthy.

Identifying British values.

Know that there are life stages from conception to death.

Identify similarities and differences between life in different periods.

Suffrage from the Magna Carta to today.



Interpret Geographical Information Systems.

Deepen understanding of the interaction between physical and human processes and how they change over time.

Understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom, and a small area in a contrasting non-European County.

Introduce some French adjectives

Recall numbers to 10 in French

Select materials and components, including construction materials according to their characteristics.

Join, shape and cut.

Work in a variety of contexts, e.g., industry

Recognise common uses of information technology beyond school

Looking at the work of a range of crafts makers and designers describing the different practises and disciplines

Play tuned instruments musically.

Develop coordination and begin to apply in a range of activities.


Module 4

Explore signs & symbols

Explore thanksgiving

Look at times of prayer for Muslims.

Look how Jewish families gather.

Explore rules.


How grammatical patterns in a sentence indicate its function as a statement, question, exclamation or command.

Recognising simple recurring literary language in stories & poems.

Checking that the text makes sense as they read & correcting inaccurate reading.

Develop positive attitudes towards & stamina for writing by writing poetry.

Recognise that multiplication of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) & division of one number by another cannot;

Recall & use multiplication & division facts for the 2, 5 and 10 times tables;

Show that multiplication of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and division of one number by another cannot.

Perform simple tests

Know that Jesus tells us to forgive one another.

Understand cultural history.

How Britain has influenced the wider world.

Gain and deploy abstract terms like ‘parliament’.



Explain the Earth’s features are interconnected.

Use plan perspectives.



Recall nursery rhymes in French (Frère Jcques…)

Build understanding and skills in order to design and make high-quality prototypes.

Practical task: finishing.

Explore and use mechanisms for example levers and sliders.


Develop techniques in using space.

Explore woodcut and block printing.

Compose music on their own.

Speak chants and rhymes.


Module 5

Reveal experiences of signs and symbols; signs and symbols used in Christian Baptism

Reveal different ways to say thank you; in the Eucharist the parish family thanks God for Jesus.

Discover that Muslims pray five times a day.

Discover the Jewish celebration of Shabbat.

Reveal how rules can help at home and school; the reasons for rules in the Christian family

Distinguish between homophones, and near homophones.

Use of progressive form of verbs in the present or past tense to mark actions in progress.

Maintain attention and participate actively in collaborative conversations, staying on topic and initiating and responding to comments.

Discussing & clarifying the meaning of words, linking new meanings to known vocabulary.

Make additions, revision and corrections to own writing by: evaluating their writing with the teacher or other pupils; re-reading to check it makes sense and that verbs to indicate time are used correctly & consistently, incl verbs in the continuous form.

Develop positive attitudes towards & stamina for writing by writing about real events and for different purposes.

Apostrophes to mark where letters are missing in spelling.

Discussing their favourite words & phrases.

Recognise, find, name & write fractions 1/3, ¼, 2/4 and ¾ of a length, shape, set of objects or quantity;

Write simple fractions eg ½ of 6=3; and, recognise the equivalence of 3/6 and ½ and 2/4

Solve problems involving multiplication & division using materials, arrays repeated addition, mental methods, and multiplication & division facts including problems in context

Fractions of quantities

Identify that most living things live in habitats to which they are suited.

Describe how different habitats provide the basic needs for different kinds of animals.

Find out how the shapes of solid objects made from some materials can be changed by squashing, bending, twisting and stretching.

Be honest and able to tell the truth about my thoughts, feelings and actions.

Be forgiving and able to say sorry to mend relationships.

Awareness of difference between my life and others in the wider world.


Identify what they are good at and what they like and dislike.

Use simple compass directions (North, South, East and West) and locational and directional language, for example, near, far, left and right).

Identify the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles.

Amenities of small area of the UK including, shops, factories, offices.

Describe the location of features and routes on a map.

Draw cultural parallels between County Durham (UK) and Kalifi County (Kenya)



Languages (Latin, French, English) of the English Royal Court and languages spread by empires

Work in a range of contexts e.g., the wider environment.


Creatively design and make products.

Understand and explore how music is created:  tempo.

Understand and explore how music is created:  timbre.




Develop agility and begin to apply in a range of activities.                                                                       

Module 6

Respond to the signs and symbols of Christian Baptism.

Respond to the thanksgiving of Eucharist.

Respect how prayer is important for Muslims.

Respect that Shabbat, the day for God, is a day of rest for Jews.

Respond to the reasons for rules.

Apostrophe to mark singular possession in nouns.

Becoming increasingly familiar with & retelling a wider range of stories, fairy stories & traditional tales.

Explain & discuss their understanding of poems that they listen to & those that they read for themselves.

Subordination (using when, if, that, because).

Participate in discussion about books, poems & other words that are read to them & those that they can read for themselves, taking turns & listening to what others say.

Interpret & construct simple pictograms; tally charts; block diagrams; tables.

Ask & answer simple questions by counting the number of objects in each category & sorting the categories by quantity.

Ask & answer simple questions that total and compare categorical data.

Tell & write the time to five minutes including quarter past/to the hour & draw the hands on a clock face to show these times.

Compare  and sequence intervals of time.

As ‘little’ scientists, undertake mass observation.

Know about the benefits of the internet; the importance of balancing time online with other activities; strategies for managing time online.

Things that help people feel good.

Different jobs people do and the strengths and interests needed to do them.

Recognise the difference between things that are private and those that are  confidential.

Different things to do to manage big feelings, to help calm down and/or change mood when not feeling good.

How people’s lives have shaped this nation.


Introduce some French weather words.

Develop, model and communicate templates, mock-ups and, where appropriate, information and communication technology.

Use technology, keeping personal information private

Identify where to go for help and support when they have concerns about contact on the internet or other online technologies

Develop a wide range of art and design techniques including pattern.

Understand and explore how music is created:  duration.

Understand and explore how music is created:  appropriate musical notations.



Engage in competition against self in physical activities.

Module 7

Explore preparations

Explore opportunities

Explore spread the word

Correct choice and consistent use of the present tense and past tense throughout writing.

Predicting what might happen on the basis of what has been read so far.



Choose and use appropriate standard units to estimate and measure: length/ height in any direction (m/cm); mass (kg/g); temperature (°C); capacity (l/ml) to the nearest appropriate unit, using rulers, scales, thermometers & measuring vessels.

Estimate benchmarks

Compare and order lengths, mass, volume/capacity & record the results using >, < and =.

Solve problems of measurement.

Identify and name a variety of plants and animals in their habitats.

Describe the importance for humans of eating the right amounts of different types of food.

Know that hurtful behaviour (offline and online) including teasing, name-calling bullying and deliberately excluding others is not acceptable; how to report bullying and the importance of telling a trusted adult.

Identify how people might feel if they experience hurtful behaviour or bullying and the effect of these feelings.


Use diagram to present human and physical features of small UK location.

Use geographical vocabulary of vegetation and soil.

Introduce système international d’unités

Build structures, exploring how they can be made stronger, stiffer and more stable.

Using creativity and imagination, design and make products. That solve real life and relevant problems considering others’ needs and wants.

Acquire a broad range of subject knowledge drawing on disciplines such science by designing and making an animal house.

Evaluate appeal.



Understand and explore how music is created:  texture.


Module 8

Reveal preparing for special times; Advent gives Christians four weeks of preparation for the celebration of Jesus as Christmas.

Reveal each days offers opportunities for good; Lent is the opportunity for Christians to turn towards what is good in preparation for Easter.

Reveal passing on messages; Pentecost begins the spreading of the Gospel message through the gift of the Holy Spirit, Christians believe.

Making inferences on the basis of what is being said & done.

Write from memory simple sentences dictated by the teacher that include words using the GPCs, common exception words and punctuation taught so far.

Develop positive attitudes towards & stamina for writing by writing narratives about experiences of others (real and fictional).

Proof read to check for errors in spelling, grammar and punctuation.

Use of metaphorical phrases.

Compare and order numbers from 0 up to 100 using <, > & =

Recognise & use symbols for pounds (£) and pence (p): combine amounts to make a particular value;

Find different combinations of coins that equal the same amounts of money;

Solve simple problems in a practical context involving addition & subtraction of money of the same unit including giving change;

Interconnection of maths, maths in other subjects (fractions, data, measurement…)

Count in steps of 2, 3 and 5 from zero, and in 10s from any number, forward and backward

Gather and record data.

Use data to help in answering questions

Compare things that are living dead and things that have never been alive.

Compare the suitability of a variety of everyday materials for particular uses.

Describe the importance, for humans, of exercise and hygiene.


Identify and name different feelings humans experience and know how I am feeling is normal.

Identify how others might feel and that not everyone feels the same at the same time or the same about the same things.

People make different choices about how to save and spend money.

Jobs help people to earn money to pay for things.

Manage feelings and behaviours.

People who help us to stay physically healthy.

Know money comes from different sources and needs to be looked after and different ways of doing this.

Strategies to manage transitions between classes.

Compare aspects of life in different periods.

British democracy and women in parliament.

Key physical features including cliff.

Introduce some French metaphorical phrases.

Work in a range of relevant contexts for example school and the local community.

Understand how algorithms are implemented as programs on digital services.

Understand that programs execute by following precise and unambiguous instructions.

Use technology purposefully to manipulate digital content.


Increase self-confidence and sense achievement.

Understand, explore, experiment with, create, select and combine sounds using the inter-related dimensions of music.

Participate in team games (Rounders)

Module 9

Respond to preparing for Christmas.

Respond to turning to good.

Respond to the spreading of the Gospel after Pentecost.

Read aloud their writing with appropriate intonation to make the meaning clear.

Continuing to build up a repertoire of poems learnt by heart, appreciating these & reciting some, with appropriate intonation to make the meaning clear.

Identify & describe properties of 2D shapes, including number of sides & symmetry about a vertical line.

Identify & describe properties of 3D shapes, including number of edges, vertices & faces.

Identify 2D shapes on the surfaces of 3D shapes.

Compare & sort common 2D & 3D shapes & everyday objects; order & arrange combinations of mathematical objects in patterns and sequences.

Identify how most living things depend upon each other.

Identify feelings associated with change and loss and recognise what helps people to feel better.

Make connections, draw contrasts and analyse trends.

The expansion and dissolution of empires.

Democratic protest in the 21st century.

Interpret maps.


Become resourceful, innovative, enterprising, and capable citizens.


Gallery artwork.

Understand and explore how music is created:  structure.


Host a class ceilidh dance.