Year 4 Red lines of learning

In year four, children should be using fluently the skills from preious years while mastering those shown below at home and school. 

R.E. Physical/ handwrite Read Write Maths Science
Identify the symbols of Baptism, Reconciliation, Eucharist and Confirmation Fluent (quick & accurate) writing (65 letters per minute) Skim & scan speed reading Précis  Accurate use of written calculations for  4 operations Fair testing – evidenced and communicated using scientific vocabulary and conventions

Year 4 Modules











Design & Technology


Art & Design




Module 1

Explore people

Explore community

Look at important books for Islam.

Look at important books for Judaism.

Explore new life

Clause, subordinate clause



Compare & order numbers beyond 1000.

Recognise the place value of each digit in a 4-digit number.

Recognise that living things can be grouped.

Compare and group materials.

Classify data to help in answering questions.

Measure or research the temperature at which some materials change state.

Recognise and respect different types of family structure; that families of all types can give love, security and stability.

Recognise characteristics of healthy family life, including commitment, care, spending time together, being there for each other…

Belonging to different groups  in community.

Recognising that feelings change over time and range in intensity.

Roman withdrawal from Britain circa AD 420 and the fall of the western Roman Empire.

Settlements and village life e.g., peasantry (social history).

Viking raids and settlements.

Describe and understand key aspects of volcanoes and earthquakes, introducing simple plate tectonics.

Explain latitude and longitude and the position of the Prime/ Greenwich Meridian and the equator.

Adapt phrases from memory to create new sentences

Present ideas and information orally to a range of audiences

Work in a range of context, for example, culture (history).


Know about designers in history.



Module 2

Reveal our family trees; the family of God in scripture.

Reveal belonging to a community; the life of the local Christian community.

Discover the Qur’an; 99 beautiful names of God.

Discover the Torah in Judaism.

Reveal the wonder and power of the Holy Spirit; the new life of the Easter message to Christians is spread through the power of the Holy Spirit

Fronted adverbials (e.g. Later that day, I heard bad news).

Use of commas after fronted adverbials.


Use of inverted commas and other punctuation to indicate direct speech.

Use paragraphs to organise ideas around a theme.

Apply their growing knowledge of root words, prefixes and suffixes (etymology and morphology), both to read aloud and to understand the meaning of new words they meet.



Add & subtract numbers with up to 4 digits using the formal written methods of columnar addition & subtraction where appropriate.

Measure & calculate the perimeter of a rectilinear figure (including squares) in cm & m.

Multiply 2-digit & 3-digit numbers by a 1-digit number using formal written layout.

Solve problems involving multiplying and adding, including the distributive law to multiply 2-digit numbers by 1-digit.

Find the area of rectilinear shapes by counting squares.

Estimate & use inverse operations to check answers to a calculation.

Describe movements between positions as translations of a given unit to the left/right and up/down.

Take accurate measurements using standard units, including thermometers and data-loggers.

Recognise that living things can be grouped, in a variety of ways.

Identify and name a variety of living things.

Identify differences, similarities or changes related to simple scientific ideas and processes.

Construct and interpret a variety of food chains, identifying producers, predators and prey.

Identify the part played by evaporation and condensation in the water cycle and associate the rate of evaporation with temperature.

The importance of seeking support if feeling lonely or excluded.

Value the different contributions people and groups make to their community.

Develop a chronologically secure knowledge and understanding of British history, establishing clear narratives within and across the periods they study.

Christian Conversion (religious history).

Further Viking raids.

Locate the world’s countries to include North and South America and major cities.

Use four-figure grid references.

The Water Cycle. (Understanding the Earth’s key physical processes)


Listen attentively to spoken language by joining in

Appreciate stories in French

Generate model.

Use sequence, selection and repetition in programs

Develop design technique using a grid to draw face/facial features.


Play football as a team sport.

Module 3

Respond to people in Jesus’s family.

Respond to Christian communities.

Respect the importance of the Qur’an for Muslims.

Respect the importance of the Torah for Jews.

Respond to spreading the Easter message.

Proof read for spelling and punctuation errors.

Assess the effectiveness of their own and others’ writing and suggest improvements


Count backwards through zero to include negative numbers.

Describe positions on a 2D grid as coordinates in the first quadrant.

Plot specified points & draw sides to complete a given polygon.

Complete a simple symmetric figure with respect to a specific line of symmetry.

Record findings using keys and bar charts.

Explore and use classification keys to help group a variety of living things in their local environment.

Identify the different types of teeth in humans and their simple functions.

How to maintain good oral hygiene, including correct brushing and flossing; why regular visits to the dentist are essential; and the impact of diet choices on dental care.

British Resistance.

Address and devise historically valid changes and causes.

Unification of England (Kingdoms).

Use six-figure grid references.

Use digital/ computer mapping to describe features studied.

Describe places orally and in writing

Broaden their vocabulary and develop their ability to understand new words through using a dictionary

Develop intonation when reading aloud


Understand computer networks including the internet

Use search technologies effectively

Appreciate great artists.


Listen with attention to detail and recall sounds with increasing aural accuracy.

Cooking meals outdoors.

Module 4

Explore called

Explore giving & receiving

Explore building bridges

Noun phrases expanded by the addition of modifying adjectives, nouns and preposition phrases (e.g. the teacher expanded to: the strict maths teacher with curly hair).


Count in multiples 25 & 100.

Find 1000 more or less than a given number.

Round any number to the nearest 10, 100 or 1000.

Round decimals with one decimal place to the nearest whole number.

Recognise & use factor pairs & commutativity in mental calculations.

Recall multiplication & division facts for tables up to 12x12

Use place value, known & derived facts to multiply & divide mentally, including multiplying by 0 and 1; dividing by 1; multiplying three numbers together.

Count in multiples 6,7,9

Compare and group materials together, according to whether they are solids, liquids or gases.

Explore and use classification keys to help group a variety of living things in the wider environment.

Describe the simple functions of the basic parts of the digestive system in humans.

Record findings using tables.

Report on findings from enquiries using displays or presentations of results.

Describe positive healthy friendships (mutual respect, trust, loyalty…)

Equality: appreciate anti-racist values; strategies to challenge negative stereotypes.

Describe the ups and downs of relationships and associated feelings.

How to predict, assess and manage risk in different situations.

Romanisation of Britain: impact                                                                    technology and culture.

Understand local, regional, national and international history.

Understand process that give rise to key physical and human geographical features if the world, how they are interdependent and how they bring about spatial variation and change over time.

Understand the distribution of water as a natural resource.


Select and use textiles and consider model for aesthetic qualities.


Look at other art forms: digital multi-image composition.


Apply basic principles of competitive skipping.

Module 5

Reveal the response to being chosen; Confirmation is a call to witness for Christians.

Reveal giving and receiving every day; the Eucharist challenges and enables living and growing in Christian communion.

Reveal building bridges of friendship; the importance to Christians of admitting wrong and being reconciled with one another and God

Building and using a varied & rich vocabulary increasing range of sentence structures.

Interpret & present discrete data using appropriate graphical methods, including bar charts time graphs

Solve comparison, sum & difference problems using information presented in bar charts, pictograms, tables & other graphs.

Multiplication problems such as n objects are connected to m objects.

Convert between different units of measure.

Estimate, compare & calculate different measures.

Identify, represent & estimate numbers using different representations

Da Vinci’s observational drawings of the human body.

Recognise strategies for building positive friendships and how they support well-being.

Experiences of discrimination (accessibility) in their community.

Recognise positive and negative family relationships and how to seek help.

Recognise habits have  positive and negative effects, leading to a healthy life or not.

Recognise bacteria & viruses can affect health; how everyday hygiene can limit spread of infection and the importance of maintaining personal hygiene.

Strategies for keeping safe in the local environment and unfamiliar places.



Develop accurate pronunciation of familiar words and phrases so that others understand

Explore patterns and sounds of language songs and rhymes and link to sounds


Recognising acceptable and unacceptable behaviour or content

Identify a range of ways to report concerns about content digitally

Select, use and combine a variety of software (including the internet) on a range of digital devices to design and create content that accomplish given goals


Improve mastery of art in drawing using pencil and charcoal.


Use running and jumping as they apply to skipping.

Module 6

Respond to the call to witness.

Respond to the challenge of Eucharistic sacrifice.

Respond to building bridges of friendship.

Choosing nouns or pronouns appropriately for clarity and cohesion and to avoid repetition.

Edit by proposing changes including the accurate use of pronouns in sentences.

Possessive pronouns.

Apostrophes to mark plural possession.

Place the possessive apostrophe accurately in words with regular plurals and in words with irregular plurals.

Compare & classify geometric shapes, including quadrilaterals and triangles, based on their properties & sizes.

Identify lines of symmetry in 2D shapes presented in different orientations.

Identify acute & obtuse angles & compare & order angles up to two right angles by size.


Observe that some materials change state when they are heated or cooled.

Recognise that environments can change and that this can sometimes pose dangers to living things.





Communicate ideas through discussion.


Look at other art forms: digital self-portraiture and ‘photo-shopping’ images.


Building a fire to heat water and toast, outdoors.

Module 7

Explore gift

Explore self-discipline

Explore God’s people



Recognising some different forms of poetry (e.g. free verse, narrative poetry).

Read aloud their writing, to a group or whole class, using appropriate intonation and controlling the tone and volume so that the meaning is clear.

Estimate, compare & calculate different measures, including money in pounds and pence.

Compare numbers with the same number of decimal places up to two decimal places.

Recognise & show, using diagrams, families of common equivalent fractions.

Find the effect of dividing a 1-digit or 2-digit number by 10 and 100, identifying the value of the digits in the answer as units, tenths and hundredths.

Recognise & write decimal equivalents to ¼, ½, ¾.

Make systematic and careful observations using a range of equipment.

Integer scaling problems

Identify common appliances that run on electricity.

Construct a simple series electrical circuit, identifying and naming its basic parts, including cells, wires, bulbs, switches and buzzers.

Report on findings including oral and written explanations.

Identify how sounds are made, associating some of them with something vibrating.


Recognising the difference between discrimination (negative) and inclusion (positive), linked to school mission.

Strategies for firework safety.

Identify perceived  strengths and weaknesses and how to reframe these to build self-discipline and worth.

Identify some of the skills that will help them in their future life-choices eg. teamwork, communication negotiation


Compare key physical features of North and South America e.g., deserts, rivers, mountains etc.

The Water Cycle. (Understanding the Earth’s key human processes.




Speak using basic language structures

Explore patterns and sounds of language songs and rhymes and link to sound and the spelling

Develop practical expertise needed to perform everyday tasks confidently.

Generate exploded and cross-sectional diagrams.

Select relevant component parts.




Improve mastery of sculpture using clay.

Look at other art forms: mosaics.


Develop control through gymnastics.

Module 8

Reveal the gist of love and friendship; Advent and Christmas is the Church’s season of preparing to receive God’s gift of love and friendship in Jesus.

Reveal self-discipline is important; celebrating growth to new life through self-discipline.

Reveal ordinary people who do extraordinary things; different Christian Saints show people what God is like.

Asking questions to improve their understanding of text.

Retell  fairy stories, myths and legends orally.

Identifying how language, structure & presentation contribute to meaning.

Use spoken language to develop understanding through speculating.

Recognise & write decimal equivalents on any number of tenths or hundredths.

Add & subtract fractions with the same denominator.

Count up & down in hundredths; recognise that hundredths arise when dividing an object by a hundred & dividing tenths by ten.

Identify whether or not a lamp will light in a simple series circuit based on whether or not a lamp is part of a complete loop with a battery.

Recognise that a switch opens and closes a circuit and associate this with whether or not a lamp lights in a simple series circuit.

Recognise some common conductors and insulators and associate metals with being good conductors.

Recognise the vibrations from sounds travel through a medium to the ear.

Find patterns between the pitch of a sound and features of the objects that produced it.

Find patterns between the volume of a sound and the strength of the vibrations that produced it.

Investigate accessibility and the journey to inclusion.

Define equality and diversity for themselves and exemplify.

Model risk assessment in local area and consider risks in the home Including fire risk) and how to reduce them.

To recognise human rights are there to protect everyone.

Place names.

Discern how and why contrasting arguments and interpretations of the past have been constructed.

Monastic schooling: Hilda & Bede.


Read carefully  and show understanding of simple writing


Explore model materials that float and sink.

Use pattern pieces.

Show gardens.




Play competitive [football].

Module 9

Respond to the gift of Jesus at Christmas.

Respond to self-discipline.

Respond to ordinary people who are saints.

Explanations and narratives for different purposes, including for expressing feelings

Participate in presentations of spoken language

Solve simple measure & money problems involving fractions & decimals to two decimal places.

Read, write & convert time between analogue & digital 12- & 24-hour clocks.

Solve problems involving converting from hours to minutes; minutes to seconds; years to months; weeks to days.

Read Roman numerals to 100 (1 to C) & understand that over time, the numeral system changed to include the concept of zero & place value.

Using straightforward scientific evidence to answer questions or to support their findings.

Recognise that sounds get fainter as the distance from the sound source increases.


Recognise different types of relationships eg friendships, family, romantic, online…

Migration as a response to the British value of Tolerance.

Legacy (Romans, Anglo-Saxons and Vikings).

Understand cause and consequence.

Recognise invaders (refugees, and migrants)  have settled in Britain over millennia.

Use globes.



Design, write and debug programs that accomplish specific goals

Gallery art work.

Sing and play (glockenspiel ) musically with increasing confidence and control.