Year 6 Red lines of learning

By year six, children should be using fluently all of the skills below in their learning at home and school.

RE Physical/ handwrite Read Write Maths Science
Know that God loves each one of us  Hold pencil Phase 1 phonics;read own name Write own name Name numbers; sorting Demonstrate curiosity
Offer praise, thanksgiving and petition prayerfully about own life  Dressing independently; correct formation of all cursive letter Phase 4 phonics;read 48 phonemes Spell 48 graphemes Count & group objects, read, write and order numbers to 20 Ask an ‘enquiry question’ and pursue
Can recite individually the ‘Our Father’ Controlled cutting; cursive script Phonics phase 5;read 100 key words Spell 100 key words; simple sentences Know all number facts + and – within 20 Accurately describe observations
Retell the Christmas and Easter stories Physical control (strong sitting) Phonics phase 6;fluent reader Sequence sentences Know all table facts to 12×12 Cause and effect – make comparative statements
Find texts using Biblical referencing Printing of labels . . . Comprehend range of texts Framing ideas Fluency with base 10 number system Predict because of observation and theory e.g. apply to a new situation (I think x will happen because…)
Identify the symbols of Baptism, Reconciliation, Eucharist and Confirmation Fluent (quick & accurate) writing (65 letters per minute) Skim & scan speed reading Précis  Accurate use of written calculations for  4 operations Fair testing – evidenced and communicated using scientific vocabulary and conventions

Year 6 Modules











Design & Technology


Art & Design




Module 1

Explore loving

Explore sources

Explore witnesses

Reading books that are structured in different ways and reading for a range of purposes.

Identifying & discussing themes & conventions in and across a wide range of writing.

Read, write, order & compare numbers up to 10 000 --- & determine the value of each digit.

Use negative numbers in context & calculate intervals across zero.

Taking measurements with increasing accuracy and precision.

Identifying scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments.

Describe how animals, plants and microorganisms are classified into broad groups according to common observable characteristics and based ion similarities and differences.

Recognise that light appears to travel in straight-lines.

A feature of positive family life is caring relationships; different ways people care for one another.

That mental health just like physical health is part of daily life and the importance of taking care of mental health.

Recognise that anyone can experience mental ill-health and most difficulties can be resolved; it is important to discuss feelings with a trusted adult.

Study of Greek life and achievements and their influence on the western world.

Study aspect or theme in British history that extends pupils’ chronological knowledge beyond 1066.

Significant turning point in British history

Understand geographical similarities and differences of South America.




Figures in motion.



Module 2

Reveal love and care of people; Christians believe God’s love is unconditional and eternal.

Reveal understand a wide variety of books and the purpose for which they are written; the Bible as the story of God’s love told by the people of God.

Reveal the courage to be a witness; through Pentecost, the Holy Spirit enables Christians  to witness to the Easter message.

Checking that the book makes sense to them, discussing their understanding & exploring the meaning of the words in context.

Provide reasoned justifications for their views, orally and in written answer

Participate in discussion about both books that are read to them and those that they can read for themselves, building on their own & others’ ideas asking relevant questions to extend their understanding & challenging views courteously,

Using relative clauses beginning  with who, which , where, when, whose, that, or, with an implied relative pronoun

Use their growing knowledge of morphology & etymology to read aloud and understand the meaning of new words they meet.

Continue to distinguish between homophones and other words which are often confused.

Multiply multi-digit numbers up to 4-digits by a 2-digit whole number using the formal written method of long multiplication.

Divide numbers up to 4-digits by a 1/2-digit number using the formal written method of short division where appropriate, interpreting remainders according to the context.


Use classification keys.

Give reasons for classifying animals and plants based on specific characteristics.

Recognise that living things a=have changed over time and that fossils provide information about living things that inhabited the Earth millions of years ago.


Triangulation of sources.


Present ideas and information orally to a range of audiences


Engage in conversations


Solve problems by decomposing them into smaller parts



Play competitive [tag-rugby].

Identifying how language, structure & presentation contribute to meaning.

Use knowledge of the order of operations to carry out calculations involving four operations.

Calculate & interpret the mean as an average.

Module 3

Respond to unconditional love.

Respond to God’s love story.

Respond to the courage of witness.

Plan writing, identifying audience and purpose, selecting appropriate form and use other similar writing as model


Divide numbers up to 4-digits by a 2-digit whole number using the formal written method of long division, & interpret remainders as whole number remainders, fractions, or by rounding, as appropriate for the context.

Round any whole number to a required degree of accuracy.

Use estimation to check answers to calculations & determine, in the context of a problem, levels of accuracy.

Recognise the impact of diet and exercise on the way their body’s function.

Use the idea that light travels in straight lines to explain that objects are seen because they give out or reflect light into the eye.

Explain that we see things because light travels from the light source to our eyes or from the light source to objects and then to our eyes.

Use the idea that light travels in straight lines to explain why shadows have the same shape as the objects that cast them.



Know diverse places, people, resources and natural and human environments.



Understand how computer networks and the internet provide opportunities for communication and collaboration (including privacy)

Select, use and combine on the internet designs that create content that accomplish given goals, including collecting, analysing, evaluating and presenting data and information


Organising and manipulating ideas within musical structures.

Be creative.

Develop strength through athletics, comparing their performances with previous ones and demonstrating improvement to achieve their personal best. (Ongoing from Module 3 to Module 9)

Use of the passive voice to affect the presentation of information in a sentence.


The difference between structures typical of informal speech and structures appropriate for formal speech and writing.


Module 4

Explore vocation & commitment

Explore unity

Explore healing

Plan writing, Note and develop initial ideas, drawing on reading & research where necessary

Proof read for spelling and punctuation errors.

Perform their own composition, using appropriate intonation, volume, and movement so that meaning is clear.

Identify common factors, common multiples & prime numbers.

Use common factors to simplify fractions; use common multiples to express fractions in the same denomination.

Compare & order fractions including fractions >1.

Take repeated readings (measurements) when appropriate.

Recording data.

How friendships change over time and making new friends and the benefits of different types of friends.







Play musical instruments (Ukulele) with increasing accuracy, fluency, control and expression..

Take part in orienteering challenges both individually and within a team.


Calculate, estimate & compare volume of cubes & cuboids using standard units, including cm3 and m3, and extending to other units such as mm3 and km3.

Recognise when it is possible to use the formulae for area & volume of shapes.

Calculate the area of parallelograms & triangles.


Reveal commitment in life; the vocation to the priesthood and religious life for Christians.

Reveal what nourishes and what spoils friendship and unity; the Eucharist challenges and enables the Christian family to live and grow in communion everyday.

Reveal when people become sick and need care; the Catholic Christian Sacrament of the Anointing of the Sick.

Evaluate and edit to, ensure the consistent and correct use of tense throughout a piece of writing

Precis longer paragraphs

Continuing to read & discuss an increasingly wide range of fiction, poetry, plays, non-fiction and reference books or textbooks.

Distinguish between statements of fact & opinion..

Add & subtract fractions with different denominators & mixed numbers, using the concept of equivalent fractions.

Multiply simple pairs of proper fractions, writing the answer in its simplest form (e.g., ¼ x ½ = 1/8)


Identify and name the main parts of the human circulatory system.

Describe the functions of the heart, blood vessels and blood.

Recognise the impact of drugs on the way their bodies function.

Recognise that living things produce off-spring of the same kind but normally off-spring vary and are not identical to the parents.

Identify how animals and plants are adapted to suit their environments in different ways.

Understand increasing independence brings increased responsibility to keep my self and others safe.

Recognise what it means to ‘know’ someone online and how this differs to knowing someone face-to-face and associated risks.

Some different ways information and data is shared and used online, including for commercial purposes.

The importance of taking medicines correctly and safely.

Recognise that there are laws surrounding the use of legal drugs; why people choose to use or not use drugs.

Recognise that drug use can become a habit which is difficult to break.

Mixed messages in media about drugs, eg cigarettes & vaping and organisations that can support people.

Impact of peer-on-peer abuse (protected characteristics), offline and online, and the consequences of hurtful behaviour; strategies to respond and how to report concerns and get support.

How medicines, used responsibly, contribute to health and that some diseases can be prevented by vaccinations and immunisations.

Consider careers, life-choices, entry routes and financial reward, including attitudes and choices towards saving and spending including banking, gambling and its effects on mental well-being and family-life.

Create structured accounts, from healthcare in Ancient Greece to Edward Jenner and then to Sarah Gilbert.

Know and understand the history of these island as a coherent, chronological narrative, from the earliest times to the present day.

Immersion in the times of the Napoleonic War.


Explore patterns and sounds of language songs and rhymes and link the meaning of words


Identify a range of ways to report concerns about contact digitally

Neo-Gothic as a revival or continuation of Gothic Architecture.

Develop a critical engagement with music, allowing composition and listening to discriminate to the best musical canon.

Further outdoor and adventurous activities.

Layout devices, such as headings, sub-headings, columns, bullets, tables, to structure text.

Explain & discuss their understanding of what they have read, including through formal presentations and debates, maintaining a focus on the topic and using notes where necessary.

Recall & use equivalences between simple fractions, decimals & percentages , including in different contexts.

Multiply 1-digit numbers with up to two decimal places by whole numbers.

Articulate arguments and opinions in spoken language.

Financial literacy with salary, taxes, pensions.

Module 6

Respond to life-long commitment.

Respond to the challenge of communion.

Respond to sacramental care of the sick.

The use of subjunctive forms such as I were… in informal writing

Divide proper fractions by whole numbers (e.g., 1/3 ÷ 2 = 1/6).

Use written division methods in cases where the answer has up to two decimal places.

Associate a fraction with division & calculate decimal fraction equivalents (e.g., 0.375) for a simple fraction (e.g., 3/8).

Identify the value of each digit to three decimal places and multiply & divide numbers by 10, 100 and 1000 where the answers are up to three decimal places.

Record data using scatter graphs, bar and line graphs.

Recognise the impact of life-style choices on the way their body’s function.

Adaptation may lead to evolution.

Associate the brightness of a lamp or the volume of a buzzer with the number or voltage of cells used in the circuit.

Recognise symbols when representing a simple circuit in a diagram.


Making informed decisions about health and recognising the early signs of physical ill-health.

Know what is meant by basic first aid and techniques for dealing with common injuries.

How to respond in an emergency and how to identify situations requiring emergency services and know how to contact them and what to say.

Recognise warning signs of mental ill-health and how to seek help for self and others.

Benefits of sun exposure and the risks of over-exposure and how to keep safe from sun damage, sun-stroke and reduce risk of skin cancer.

Recognise ways in which internet & social media can be used positively and negatively.

Recognise how texts and images can be manipulated; consider reliability and make safe choices.

The impact of the Napoleonic Wars on Catholic emancipation.


Engage in conversation seeking clarification and help words





Apply basic principles suitable for attacking and defending.

Learning a wide range of poetry by heart.


Module 7

Explore expectations

Explore death & new life

Look for guidance in the life for Muslims.

Look at how Jewish people make a new start.

Explore common good


Use, read, write & convert between standard units, converting measurements of length, mass, and volume from a smaller unit of measure to a larger unit, and vice versa, using decimal notation to three decimal places.

Solve problems involving the calculation & conversion of units of measure, using decimal notation to three decimal places where appropriate.


Compare and give reasons for variations in how components function including the brightness of bulbs, the loudness of buzzers and the on/off positions of switches.

Why and how to respond respectfully to a wide range of people including those whose traditions, beliefs and life-style are different to their own.

Know about stereotypes in the workplace and not being limited in career choices.

Recognise change and loss, including death, and how these can affect feelings; ways of expressing and managing grief and bereavement.

Legacy of Greek culture (democracy, sports, healthcare) on later periods and the present day.


Describe actions orally and in writing







Module 8

Reveal the meaning of expectation; for Christians, Advent is a time of joyful expectation of Christmas, the Word becoming a human person, Jesus.

Reveal loss and death bring about change for people; the Church’s seasons of Lent, Holy Week and Easter; the suffering, death and resurrection of Jesus led to new life for Christians.

Discover the 5 pillars of Islam; and the importance of Zaka.

Discover Yom Kippur, the Jewish day of atonement.

Reveal justice for the good of all; the work that Christians do for the common good.

Apply their growing knowledge of root words, prefixes and suffixes (etymology and morphology), both to read aloud and to understand the meaning of new words they meet.

In narrative, integrate dialogue to convey character and advance the action

Select appropriate grammar and vocab, understanding how such choices can change and enhance meaning

Linking ideas across paragraphs through  repetition of word or phrase, grammatical connections (e.g. the use of adverbials such as on the other hand, in contrast) and ellipsis.

Consider and evaluate different viewpoints, attending to and building on the contribution of others in discussion





Use, read, write & convert between standard units, converting measurements of time from a smaller unit of measure to a larger unit, and vice versa, using decimal notation to three decimal places.

Recognise that shapes with the same areas can have different perimeters & vice versa.

Recognise when it is possible to use the formulae for area & volume of shapes.

Compare & classify geometric shapes based on their properties & sizes & find unknown angles in any triangles, quadrilaterals, & regular polygons.

Recognise angles where they meet at a point, are on a straight line, or are vertically opposite, & find missing angles.

Draw 2D shapes using given dimensions & angles.

Recognise, describe & build simple 3D shapes, including making nets.

Illustrate & name parts of circles, including radius, diameter & circumference & know that the diameter is twice the radius.

Describe the ways in which nutrients and water are transported within animals including humans.

Understand and celebrate own and others uniqueness, demonstrating respect for difference (protected characteristics).

Listen to witness testimony about discrimination in Britain and it can be avoided.

Use self-discipline and the ability to delay or even deny oneself instant gratification (Lent).

Appreciate and understand the British democratic process.


Legacy of Greek culture (education) on later periods and the present day.

Appreciate global justice and fairness, including fair trade.

Express opinions and respond to those of others

Participate successfully in an increasingly technological world.

Computer aided design.

Work with variables and various forms of input and output

Use logical reasoning to detect and correct errors in algorithms and programs

Evaluate and analyse the creative works of known crafts people,

Increase awareness different kinds of craft.

Progress to the next musical level of excellence (performing a musical).


Assess the effectiveness of their own and others’ writing.


Solve problems involving the relative sizes of two quantities where missing values can be found by using integer multiplications & division facts.

Solve problems involving the calculation of percentages of whole numbers or measures such as 15% of 360 and the use of percentages for comparison.

Solve problems involving similar shapes where the scale factor is known or can be found.

Solve problems involving unequal sharing & grouping using knowledge of fractions & multiples.

Express missing number problems algebraically.

Generate & describe linear number sequences.

Find pairs of numbers that satisfy an equation with two unknowns.

Enumerate all possibilities of combinations of two variables.

Module 9

Respond to incarnation.

Respond to resurrection and renewal.

Respect what is important for Muslims.

Respect the value of atonement for Jews.

Respond to the common good.

Increasing their familiarity with a wide range of books, including myths, legends & traditional stories, modern fiction, fiction from our literary heritage, and books from other cultures and traditions.

Use of semi-colon, colon and dash to mark the boundary between independent clauses.

Use of the colon to introduce a list and use of semi-colon within lists.

Describe positions on the full coordinate grid (all four quadrants).

Draw & translate simple shapes on the coordinate plane & reflect them in the axes.

Interpret & construct: pie charts line graphs and use to solve problems.



Problem solving strategies for dealing with emotions challenges and change, including the transition to new school.

Need for political consciousness.



Listen attentively to spoken language and show understanding by responding




Gallery art work.


Develop technique through gymnastics.

Participate in debates