Year 5 Red lines of learning

By year five, children should be using accurately all of the skills below in their learning at home and school. 

RE Physical/ handwrite Read Write Maths Science
Know that God loves each one of us  Hold pencil Phase 1 phonics;read own name Write own name Name numbers; sorting Demonstrate curiosity
Offer praise, thanksgiving and petition prayerfully about own life  Dressing independently; correct formation of all cursive letter Phase 4 phonics;read 48 phonemes Spell 48 graphemes Count & group objects, read, write and order numbers to 20 Ask an ‘enquiry question’ and pursue
Can recite individually the ‘Our Father’  Controlled cutting; cursive script Phonics phase 5;read 100 key words Spell 100 key words; simple sentences Know all number facts + and – within 20 Accurately describe observations
Retell the Christmas and Easter stories Physical control (strong sitting) Phonics phase 6;fluent reader  Sequence sentences Know all table facts to 12×12 Cause and effect – make comparative statements
Find texts using Biblical referencing Printing of labels . . . Comprehend range of texts Framing ideas Understanding and use of ‘base 10’ number system Predict because of observation and theory e.g. apply to a new situation (I think x will happen because…)
Identify the symbols of Baptism, Reconciliation, Eucharist and Confirmation Fluent (quick & accurate) writing (65 letters per minute) Skim & scan speed reading Précis  Accurate use of written calculations for  4 operations Fair testing – evidenced and communicated using scientific vocabulary and conventions

Year 5 Modules











Design & Technology


Art & Design




Module 1

Explore ourselves

Explore mission

Explore transformation

Retrieve, record & present information from non-fiction.

Count forwards or backwards in steps of powers of 10 for any given number up to 1 000 000.

Read, write, order & compare numbers to at least 1 000 000 & determine the value of each digit.

Read, write, order & compare numbers to at least 1 000 000 & determine the value of each digit.

Present conclusions and explanations of, and degree of trust in, results, in oral and written forms such as displays and other forms.

Describe the Sun, Earth and Mon as approximately spherical bodies.

Describe differences in  lifecycles of mammals.

Strategies for recognising and managing peer influence and the desire for peer approval in friendships.

Shared responsibilities we all have for caring for other people and living thins; how to show care and concern for others.


A study of local, social History (the West View Estate).



Review characteristics of a range if the world’s most significant features.

Provide geographical context for understanding the purposes of processes.

Draw conceptual map of world.

Countries, physical and human characteristics.


Understand where a variety of ingredients are grown, reared, caught and processed.

Knowledge of engineering.

Past and present designs.

Select construction materials.


Evaluate and analyse creative works using the language of art.

Know about great artists.



Module 2

Reveal a deepening awareness of who I am; Christian belief that all are made in the image and likeness of God

Reveal the mission of inspirational leaders; Christian dioceses continues the work and mission of Jesus including ecumenism.

Reveal transforming energy; Pentecost is, for Christians, the celebration of the Holy Spirit’s transforming power.

Asking questions to improve their understanding.

Propose changes to vocabulary, grammar and punctuation to enhance effects and clarify meaning.

Use a wide range of devices to build cohesion within and across paragraphs.

Use further organisational and presentational devices to structure text and guide the reader (e.g. headings, bullet points, underlining).

Ensure correct subject and verb agreement when using singular and plural, distinguishing between the language of speech and writing and choosing the appropriate register

Add & subtract numbers mentally with increasingly large numbers.

Add & subtract whole numbers with more than 4 digits including using formal written methods (columnar addition & subtraction).

Use rounding to check answers to calculations & determine, in the context of a problem, levels of accuracy.

Solve addition & subtraction multi-step problems in contexts, deciding which operations & methods to use & why.

Measure & calculate the perimeter of composite rectilinear shapes in cm & m.

Planning different types of scientific enquiries to answer questions including recognising and controlling variables, where necessary

Compare and group together everyday materials on the basis of their properties including their hardness, solubility, transparency, conductivity (electrical and thermal) and response to magnets.

Give reasons for the particular use of everyday materials.

Give reasons for the particular use of everyday materials including metals woods and plastics.

Describe differences in  lifecycles of amphibians, insects and birds..

Consider how all are unique: made in the likeness of God.

Recognise people make spending decisions based on priorities, needs and wants.

What constitutes healthy lifestyle – diet, exercise, sleep.

Strategies to support mental health – physical exercise, time outdoors, with friends, doing things for others…

Understand connections between local economic and military history.

Human geography of settlements.

Understand economic activity including trade links and food.


Reckoning of ‘food-miles’.

Products for a wide range of users.

Critique and evaluate the work of others.

Take risks.


Review and revisit ideas (of perspective).

Experience the scriptorium creating illuminated manuscript.

Improvise and compose music for a range of purposes using the inter-related dimensions of music.

Play competitive [cricket].


Module 3

Respond to awareness of who I am.

Respond to the mission of Jesus in the local-Church (Diocese)

Respond to transformation.

Making comparisons within & across books.

Interpret negative numbers in context, count forwards and backwards with positive and negative whole numbers, including through zero.

Round any number up to 1 000 000 to the nearest 10, 100, 1000, 10 000 & 100 000.

Solve number & practical problems that involve all of the above.

Use test results to make predictions to set up further comparative and fair tests.

Know that some materials will dissolve in liquids to form a solution.

Use knowledge of solids, liquids and gases to decide how mixtures might be separated including through filtering, sieving and evaporating.

Give reasons, based on evidence from comparative and fair tests,  for the particular use of everyday materials.

Describe the movements of the Earth and other planets relative to the Sun in the solar system.

Use the idea of the Earth’s rotation to explain day and night and the apparent movement of the Sun across the sky.

Recognise that if a friendship online or offline is making them feel unsafe or uncomfortable and how to manage and ask for support if necessary.

Safe use of digital devices when out and about in the community.


Locate countries and their major rivers and mountain ranges.

Know about the distribution of natural resources including energy and minerals.

Understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region in a European country.


Apply creative knowledge.

Understand computer networks including the internet and how they can provide multiple services such as the world wide web


Photography in the local environment.

Become proficient in design techniques.

Appreciation of design techniques.



Take part in outdoor adventurous activity challenges both individually and within a team.

Constructing shelters and cooking meals at overnight camp.

Module 4

Explore life-choices

Explore memorial-sacrifice

Look for times for remembering for Jewish people.

Look for special times for Islam.

Explore freedom & responsibility

In writing narratives, consider how authors have developed characters and settings in what pupils have read & listened to.

In narratives, describe settings, characters and atmosphere.

Identify all multiples & factors including finding all factor pairs of a number, & common factors of two numbers.

Know & use the vocabulary of prime numbers, prime factors & composite (non-prime) numbers.

Recognise & use square numbers & cube numbers, & the notation for squared 2 and cubed 3.

Establish where a number up to 100 is prime & recall prime numbers up to 19.

Sort properties of number using Venn diagrams

Recording results of increasing complexity using scientific diagrams and labels.

Use a range of scientific equipment to take measurements.

Record data in tables

Describe how to recover a substance from a solution.

Demonstrate that dissolving, mixing and changes of state are reversible changes.

Irreversible change.

Describe the life process of reproduction in some plants and animals.

Healthy friendships make people feel included; recognise when others feel excluded and strategies to include them.

Appreciate friendship and romantic love.

Be courteous in dealing with friends and strangers and be forgiving, developing the skills to allow reconciliation in relationships.

How information on the internet is ranked, selected and targeted at individuals and groups and connected devices can share information.

Relationship between rights and responsibilities.

How personal behaviour affects other people.

Appropriate friendships online.


Develop understanding and skills to enhance their locational and place knowledge.

Write new sentences to express ideas clearly.


Develop a critical understanding of its impact on daily life and the wider world.

Apply understanding of how to strengthen, stiffen and reinforce more complex structures.

Develop technical knowledge.

Appreciate how results are selected and ranked when using search technologies.


Become proficient in drawing.


Perform dances using a range of movement patterns.

Module 5

Reveal showing care and commitment; the call to life and love within the community; marriage.

Reveal how memories are kept alive; in the Eucharist, Christians keep the memory of Jesus’s sacrifice alive and present in a special way.

Discover Pesach in Judaism.

Discover Shahadah Ramadan, Id-ul-Fitr, Id-ul-Adha Hajj in Islam.

Reveal freedom involves responsibility; the commandment  are God’s rules for living freely and responsibly, as Christians.

Discuss & evaluate how authors use language, including figurative language, considering the impact on the reader.

Preparing poems and plays to read aloud and to perform, showing understanding through intonation, tone and volume so that the meaning is clear to an audience.

Multiply & divide numbers mentally drawing upon known facts.

Multiply numbers up to 4-digits by a 1-digit or 2-digit number using a formal written method, including long multiplication for 2-digit numbers.

Divide numbers up to 4-digits by a 1-digit number using the formal written method of short division & interpret remainders appropriately for the context.

Solve problems involving multiplication & division, including scaling by simple fractions & problems involving simple rates.

Calculate & compare the area of rectangles (including squares, & including using standard units, square centimetres (cm2) and square metres (m2) & estimate the area of irregular shapes.

Explain that some changes result in the formation of new materials, including changes associated with burning, and the action of acid on bicarbonate of soda.

Recognise that some mechanisms eg gears, allow a smaller force to have a greater effect.

Physical and emotional changes that happen at puberty, including menstruation, erections, wet dreams.

Marriage (and civil partnerships) are legal declarations of life-long commitment.

Forced marriage is a crime and support is available.

Committed relationships take many forms.

Identify external genitalia and internal reproductive organs in males and females and how process of puberty relates to human reproduction.

How hygiene routines change during the time of puberty; the importance of keeping clean and how to maintain personal hygiene.

Seeking advice about own health in and beyond family and school.

How independence brings both opportunities and responsibilities.

Venn diagram of sources.

Location of major natural and man-made wonders of the world.

Describe climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts.

Speak in sentences


Present ideas and information orally to a range of audiences


Be discerning in evaluating digital content

Become proficient in sculpting including control and use of materials.

Know how art and design both reflect and shape our history.



Module 6

Respond to commitment.

Respond to: Do this in memory of me.

Respect that God cares for his people – the Jews.

Respect for the special occasions for Muslims.

Respond to freedom and responsibility.

Summarising the main idea drawn from more than one paragraph, identifying key details that support the main ideas.

Multiply & divide whole numbers & those involving decimals by 10, 100 and 1000.

Convert between different units of metric measure (e.g. km/m; cm/m; cm/mm; g/kg; l/ml).

Describe the changes as humans develop to old age.

Recognise that some mechanisms eg levers, allow a smaller force to have a greater effect.

Consider the conception, development week-by-week  in the womb, birth and care of babies.

Unpick the 9 protected characteristics of the  Equality Act (legal responsibility).

How to be conscious of equality and diversity.

Reasons for following and complying with regulations and restrictions.

The Kingdom of Northumbria.

The Northern Saints.





Think critically and develop a rigorous understanding of art and design.

Recording experiences in field sketching.

Develop understanding of the history of music/historical periods.


Use throwing and catching in isolation and combination.


Module 7

Explore hope

Explore sacrifice

Explore stewardship

Using modeal verbs or adverbs to indicate degrees of possibility

Participate in improvisations in spoken language.

Know angles are measures in degrees; estimate & compare acute, obtuse & reflex angles.

Identify: Angles at a point on a straight line & ½ a turn (total 180o); angles at a point & one whole turn (total 360o); other multiples of 90o

Draw given angles & measure them in degrees.

Distinguish between regular & irregular polygons based on reasoning about equal sides & angles.

Identify 3D shapes, including cubes & cuboids, from 2D representations

Use the properties of rectangles to deduce related facts & find missing lengths & angles.

Reporting and presenting findings from enquiries, including causal relationships.

Explain that unsupported objects fall towards the Earth because of the force of gravity acting between the Earth and the falling object.

Recognise that some mechanisms eg pulleys, allow a smaller force to have a greater effect.

Consider impact of protection from discrimination personally, for families,  friends,  communities, country.

Choices that support a healthy life-style and recognise what might influence these.

Discuss and debate discrimination, respect other people’s point of view and constructively challenge those they disagree with.

What makes us and others safe and feel safe.

Seek and give permission (consent) in different situations.

Recognise different types of physical contact; secrets (confidentiality) and what is acceptable and unacceptable and strategies to respond to unwanted physical contact or inappropriate ‘secrets’..

Study, over time tracing how several aspects of national history are reflected in the locality.



Work in a range of contexts, for example, the home.

Understand seasonality.


Select, use and combine a variety of software (including the internet) on a range of digital devices to design and create a range of programs, systems and including collecting and presenting data

Know how art contributes to the culture, creativity and wealth of our nation.

Perform, listen to, and evaluate great composers.

Understand how music is created, produced and communicated.

Use jumping in isolation and combination.

Module 8

Reveal waiting hopefully; Adsvent is the Church’s season of waiting in joyful hope for the coming of Jesus, the promised one at Christmas and at the end of time.

Reveal giving or refusing to give – appreciating the cost of giving; Lent, is, for Christians,  a time of giving in preparation for the celebration of the sacrifice of Jesus.

Reveal caring for the Earth; the Church is called to stewardship of creation.

Drawing inferences such as inferring characters’ feelings, thoughts & motives from their actions, & justifying inferences with evidence.

Predicting what might happen from details sated & implied

Participate in discussions

Use spoken language to develop understanding through hypothesising

Round decimals with two decimal places to the nearest whole number and to one decimal place.

Read, write, order and compare numbers with up to three decimal places.

Read & write decimal numbers as fractions (e.g., 0.71 = 71/100).

Identify, name & write equivalent fractions of a given fraction, represented visually, including tenths & hundredths.

Recognise & use thousandths & relate then to tenths, hundredths & decimal equivalents.

Recognise mixed numbers & improper fractions & convert from one form to the other & write mathematical statements.

Compare & order fractions whose denominations are all multiples of the same number.

Add & subtract fractions with the same denominator & multiples of the same number.

Recognise the per cent symbol (%) & understand that per cent relates to ‘number or parts per hundred’, and write percentages as a fraction with denominator hundred, and as a decimal fraction.

Identify the effects of air-resistance and water resistance that act between moving surfaces.


Investigate through a ‘witness’ the impact of the Equality Act.

Define a diverse community; valuing diversity  requires consideration of: who you ask and who you involve.

Ways of carrying out shared responsibilities for protecting the environment in school and at home; how everyday choices can affect the environment.

Importance of keeping personal information private.

Strategies for keeping safe online, managing requests for personal information or images; what to do if frightened or worried by something seen or read online and reporting concerns of inappropriate content and contact.

Rigorously make historical claims and discern how and why contrasting arguments and interpretations of the past have been constructed.

Similarity and difference.

The Kings & Queens of Northumbria  with their capital at Bamburgh.


Listen attentively to spoken language and show understanding by joining in;

Describe things orally and in writing;

Broaden their vocabulary and develop their ability to understand new words that are introduced into familiar written materials

Work in a range of contexts, for example the wider environment.

Investigate and analyse a range of existing products.

Test products.

Finish bridge.


Become proficient with paint.

Experiment with creativity.

Play (penny-whistle) and perform in solo and in ensemble contexts using their voices.

Competitive pentathlon.

Module 9

Respond to Christmas and the second coming of Jesus.

Respond to the sacrifice of Jesus.

Respond to stewardship.

Use hyphens to avoid ambiguity;

Use brackets, dashes or commas to indicate parenthesis.

Use commas to clarify meaning or avoid ambiguity in writing.

Punctuate bullet points consistently.

Select and use appropriate registers for effective communication.


Solve comparison, sum & difference problems using information presented in a line graph.

Complete, read & interpret information in:

tables, including timetables.

Understand & use approximate equivalences between metric units & common imperial units such as inches, pounds & pints.

Describe the movement of the Moon relative to the Earth.

Identify the effects of friction that acts between moving surfaces.


Cultural diversity and similarity eg the non-related ‘auntie’

Benefits of the internet, the importance of balancing time online with other activities and strategies for managing time online.

How to recognise pressure from others to do something unsafe and strategies for managing.

Where to get advice and report concerns if worried about own or other’s personal safety, including online.

Compare sources from Baghdad and Northumbria.


Develop intonation of familiar words and phrases

Appreciate poems in the language


Design, write and debug programs that accomplish specific goals including controlling or simulating physical systems

Gallery art work.